The tightening of the EU climate targets would lead to a drastic change in energy and transport, according to a new study. But it could be implemented.
According to a study, the considered tightening of the EU climate target for 2030 means a drastic change in energy and transport. In ten years’ time, 60 to 88 percent of all new cars would have to drive without climate-damaging emissions if the European Union wanted to reduce its greenhouse gases by 55 percent compared to 1990, according to the study commissioned by the European Climate Foundation.
With a climate target of minus 65 percent, it would be 93 percent climate-friendly new cars. Great efforts would also be required in buildings, factories, power plants and agriculture for both scenarios.
So far, the EU has set itself the goal of reducing greenhouse gases by 40 percent in 2030 compared to 1990. The value is to be tightened this year. The EU Commission is aiming for a new target of minus 50 to 55 percent. In the EU Parliament, up to 65 percent are up for debate in order to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.
The study published on Monday systematically examines the feasibility of a 55 and a 65 percent target and comes to the conclusion: Both would be feasible. There are two variants of the 55 percent target – one that relies on the very rapid use of new technologies, and one that expects a considerable change in behavior on the part of citizens. A 65 percent target would have to combine both.
In both cases, major changes are due. Examples: The generation of electricity from coal would have to be reduced from the last 470 terawatt hours at the 55 percent target to a maximum of 50 terawatt hours by 2030, and only to 25 for the 65 percent target. Every year, 2.3 to 3.5 percent would have to be reduced the residential buildings are modernized so extensively that around 80 percent less energy is then required. Meat consumption should decrease by eleven to 30 percent.
The EU Commission is working on its own impact analysis, which should be available in September. This is followed by a proposal for the new climate target, on which the EU states and the EU Parliament would have to agree.